POLITY

Syllabus

Preamble

  • Features of preamble
  • 42nd Amendment
  • Swaran Singh committee

Schedules

  • Basic idea about 12 schedules

Constitution of India

  • Basic idea about All articles
  • Historical Background
  • Drafting committee and making of the Constitution
  • Influence of other constitutions
  • Its salient features
  • Union and its Territory
    • Basic idea about Article 1-4
    • State reorganization and different Commissions
    • Federal nature
    • Recent issues
  • Citizenship
    • Basic idea about Article 5-11
    • PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharathiya Divas
    • Privileges available for Indian citizens and foreigners
    • Citizenship Amendment Act 2016
    • New policies, schemes and recent changes in voting.
  • Fundamental Rights (FR)
    • Basic idea about Article 12-35
    • A thorough understanding about Articles 14- 30 and Art. 32
    • Rights and privileges available to citizens of India only and both to citizens and foreigners
    • 44th amendment act
    • Different types of Writs
    • Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s
    • RTE and recent issues related to FR
  • Fundamental Duties(FD)
    • Article 51A
    • Difference between FR and FD
    • Significance and Criticism
    • Enforcement of FD’s
    • Recent issues about FD
  • Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
    • Basic idea about Article and Article 36-51 and Article 368
    • Sources and key features of DPSP
    • Classification of DPSP
    • Comparison/ conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
    • Keshavananda Bharathi, Minerva Mills, Golaknath Case, Maneka Gandhi case.
    • Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment
  • Union
    • Basic idea about Article 52-73
    • Qualification and Election
    • Function and Powers- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)
    • Resignation and impeachment
    • Role and responsibilities and relationship with Prime minister, Council of Minister, Cabinet ministers.
    • Prime minister and council of minister- Basic idea about Article 74-75
    • Powers and Functions
    • Council of ministers
    • Resignation and Removal
    • Attorney general
  • Parliament
    • Basic idea about Article related
    • Role and functions of the Parliament
    • Sessions, Motions, Parliamentary procedure – Summoning, Prorogation, Joint sitting
    • Parliamentary proceedings like Question Hour, Zero Hour, and Adjournment Motion etc.
    • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
    • Special powers of Rajya Sabha
    • Anti defection law and 10th schedule
    • Parliamentary Privileges
    • Bill and law making procedure
    • Budget, funds and its summary
    • Parliamentary Committees
  • Judiciary
    • Basic idea about Article related to the judiciary.
    • Powers of Supreme court and high court
    • Qualification and appointment
    • Removal procedure
    • Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.
  • State Government- State Executive
    • Governor- appointment, removal and special powers.
    • Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary of governor
    • 7th constitutional amendment
    • Chief minister and council of ministers
    • Power of chief minister
  • State Legislature
    • State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to composition, powers, and functions.
    • Bicameral legislatures
    • Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils
  • Administration of Union Territories (UT)
    • Special provision for Delhi
    • Administration and jurisdiction in UT’s
  • Administration of Special Areas
    • Basic idea about 5thSchedule 6th Schedule
    • Recent issues related to Administration of Special Areas
    • Special provision for Jammu and Kashmir-Article 370
    • Difference between constitutional provisions related to Jammu and Kashmir
  • Emergency Provisions
    • National emergency- Article 352
    • President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
    • Financial emergency- Article 360
    • 44th amendment act
    • Effects and implications of emergency
    • Role of President in emergency time
    • The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
    • Revoking emergency
  • State- centre and interstate relations
    • Basic idea about Articles 262 and 263
    • Composition and functions of Interstate council and Zonal council
    • Inter-State trade and Commerce
    • Recent disputes between states, controversies etc
    • New policies or schemes which impact interstate relations
  • Panchayati raj and municipalities
    • Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats
    • 3 tier structure
    • 73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act
    • Relation with FR and DPSP
    • Schemes introduced
    • Metropolitan planning committee and urban development
    • Reservation
  • Constitution Bodies
    • Election Commission
    • UPSC
    • SPSC
    • JPSC
    • Finance Commission
    • National Commission for SCs and ST’s,
    • Composition, Powers and functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies
  • Non-Constitutional Bodies
    • Basic idea about Composition, Functions, Working of the Non-Constitutional bodies such as National Human Rights Commission, Central Information Commission, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Bureau of Investigation, State Human Rights Commission, State Information Commission etc
  • Tribunals
    • Basic idea about Article 323A and tribunals under Article 323B
    • Recent controversial issues related to tribunals
    • Different tribunals and importance
  • Special Provisions for SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
    • Privileges and right issued to SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
    • Issues related to vulnerable sections like women, child, SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
  • Current affairs
    • Recent issues related to above-mentioned categories
    • Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government.
    • Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions

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